YEAR 1855

RETURN TO 1850 to 1859

The annals of San Francisco : containing a summary of the history of ... / California

Journal of the session of the Legislature of the Volume 6, Part 1855
A. W. Bee mentioned many times in this journal.
A. W. Bee mentioned in 1872 Appendix to the Journal

January 13, 1855 Mountain Democrat column 2
Sewing circle at A. W. Bee's house to raise money for Reverend Taylor's church

California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences, Volume 3, Number 3, 18 January 1855
"The Oriental" newspaper was published by Reverend William Speer.

January 25, 1855 The Chinese Companies article in The Oriental
38,687 Chinese immigrants in California. However, this count could have been 1,000 more according to the article.
March 1, 1855 Internal Order of the Chinese Companies in The Oriental
Yeung-Wo regulations enumarated.
Courtesy of the San Francisco Theological Seminary
Constitution of the Yeung-Wo from William Speer's book published in 1871.
Read about Norman Asing
Remarks of the Chinese Merchants of San Francisco Upon Governor Bigler's Message
The two articles in the Oriental are also in these remarks.
The Chinese six companies; a short, general historical resumé of its origin, function, and importance in the life of the California Chinese, by William Ho

January 25, 1855 stone for Washington Monument article in The Oriental

January 27, 1855 Mountain Democrat –column 2
City of Placerville meeting

January 30, 1855 Placerville Guard mustered . Albert W. Bee was a First Lieutenant.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 8, Number 1206, 3 February 1855
Albert Bee rank of captain in independent infantry company

February 17, 1855 Mountain Democrat - column 1
Judgement in favor of A.W. Bee against James M. Hutchings

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 48, 18 February 1855
San Francisco business community was satisfied that Page, Bacon & Co. would continue to operate as a bank.
John Parrott was one of the signers.

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 52, 22 February 1855
Senator Gwin introduces resolution for express mail service between St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco, California.

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 54, 24 February 1855
Page, Bacon & Co. suspended operations.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 8, Number 1235, 9 March 1855
$19,000 deficit found in books of A. W. Bee, quartermaster.

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 73, 17 March 1855
Completion of the Panama railroad
Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 73, 17 March 1855
Passengers of the John L. Stephens

Minority Report of the Select Committee on resolution of Miner's Convention of Shasta County submitted March 17, 1855
Report of the Select Committees to whom was referred Assembly Bills 206, 207, 208
Report of the Minority of the Select Committee

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 9, Number 1244, 20 March 1855
A.W. Bee asked for an investigation of $19,000 shortage as quartermaster.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 9, Number 1259, 6 April 1855
A.W. Bee and quartermaster investigation

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 310, 8 April 1855
First Annual (Official) Report of the San Francisco Branch U. S. Mint Operations

April 14, 1855 The Democrat – column 5
Report on A W Bee as Quartermaster

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 9, Number 1270, 19 April 1855
Report of Mr. Flint of Select Committee

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 9, Number 1279, 1 May 1855
A.W. Bee and Board of Examiners of War Claims

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 9, Number 1306, 1 June 1855
A. W. Bee's fruit trees

June 2, 1855
From Historical Souvenir of El Dorado County California with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of its Prominentmen and Pioneers. Oakland 1883.
The following rate bill was established for the first month, viz: "The parents or guardians of children sent, except such as are exempt, shall pay weekly the sum of fifty cents for each child, and parents or guardians failing to pay said sum shall be deprived of the benefits of said school. "The rate bill will be altered from time to time as the school increases in profits, and each will be required to pay a less or greater sum in proportion to the increase or decrease of the school. "The commissioners feel that the adoption of this system of common schools will extend to all the benefits of the school fund, and it is earnestly hoped that all parents and guardians will sustain the schools, hereby benefiting themselves and the community at large. L. T. Carr. D. Spencer. June 2d, 1855. A. W. Bee."

June 9, 1855 The Democrat – column 7
A W Bee supported fund for common schools.

June, 1855
James M. Hutchings led second tourist trip to Yosemite.
from Discovery of the Yosemite by L. H. Bunnell

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 154, 20 June 1855

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 180, 21 July 1855
Catholic priest spoke five languages.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 9, Number 1385, 3 September 1855
AW Bee and Placerville American newspaper

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 223, 10 September 1855
Plea from Chinese merchants

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 9, Number 1398, 18 September 1855
Attacks on Chinese miners

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 225, 12 September 1855
Big fire in Weaverville

September 22, 1855 Mountain Democrat – column 3
F A Bee and his Chinese workers worked a mine at Ledge Bar.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 10, Number 1406, 27 September 1855
F A Bee had successful mining operation while employing 20 Chinese workers on Ledge Bar.
NOTE: This article is the most important article about the early F A Bee because it shows that Mr. Bee considered himself to be a capitalist who would employ Chinese miners. When Frederick Bee and Frank Bee died, the coroner described their occupation as Capitalist. The term, capitalist, is described, not defined, in the conclusion of the Report of the Majority Select Committee signed by J.E. Clayton as part of the March, 1855 investigation of Chinese miners.
"The direct question at issue, is between the American laborer on one side, and the Chinese laborer and capitalist on the other. The American laborer claims the exclusive privilege and right of occupying and working the immense placers of our State. They look upon the mines as being the just inheritance of the laboring poor of America, and the only class of laborers that they are willing to admit any participation of this rich inheritance with them, are those of kindred lands, whom they can receive as brothers. They ask us to protect them from the immense hordes of Asia, who like the locust of Egypt, leave nought but desolation in their path. If this class of foreigners are excluded from the mines, our own laboring classes will for a long series of years have the advantage of capitalists. Our laborers wish to keep the value of their toll to a fair standard of competition among themselves, but you allow capitalists to import Chinese labor upon them, and the equilibrium is destroyed, capital is triumphant, and the laboring poor of America must submit to the unholy sacrifice. The majority of your committee believing that the interests of our people, the good of society, and sound policy, all demand prompt and decisive action on the part of the Legislature, to arrest the further progress of the great social and political evils resulting from the admission of the Asiatic races into our mines. We therefore beg leave to present a substitute, embracing the main features of the three bills referred to us, and respectfully urge its passage. "

Most Californians held one of three opinions about the Chinese immigrants: exclusion, assimilation, or allow them enough freedom to save money and to move back to China. Jerome A. Hart was a newspaperman who worked in San Francisco and published sections of his notebooks in 1931. In Our Second Century indicates that assimilation occurred over an eighty year period. The text about Chinese assimilation begins on the bottom of page 69.

29 September 1855 The Brooklyn Daily Times
Whitman, Walt. "Walt Whitman, a Brooklyn Boy."
I include this link because Walt Whitman and Frederick Bee both died in 1892.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 10, Number 1408, 29 September 1855
1855 Gold Statistics

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 10, Number 1434, 30 October 1855
1st Lieutenant A W Bee

Daily Alta California, Volume 6, Number 286, 16 November 1855
Willie Howard, son of F. A. Bee –about two years of age – died on November 10, 1855 in Placerville, California.
Willie Bee gravesite

From November 17, 1855, Mountain Democrat, page 2
In this city, Nov. 10, of croup, after an illness of two days, Willie Howard, son of F. A. and Catharine M. Bee, aged
1-year 10 months and eleven days. San Francisco papers please copy.
Oh, Willie, Willie, Willie dear!
Oh, do not leave me: oh no;
My heart so longs to keep thee here,
'Twill break to let thee go.
They say thou hast a blest abode,
And bid me not to cry,
I know that thou art gone to God—
An Angel in the sky.
But, Oh, the earth, it lies so cold
And damp upon thy breast.
I feel as if my arms must hold
My darling in his rest.
It seems as if his spirit still
Were lingering with the clay,
As if that little form were chill,
In that dark place to lay.
Oh, Father of the good and blest,
My darling baby keep;
And may I find his heaven of rest,
When I shall fall asleep.

December 1, 1855 Mountain Democrat – column 3
F A Bee and friend scared off highway robbers.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 10, Number 1471, 12 December 1855
Albert W. Bee used as a reference in assayer's advertisement.

Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 10, Number 1477, 19 December 1855
Another big fire in Weaverville

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